What is Periodontal Disease?
When the infection in the gums is left unnoticed in the initial stages, it develops into periodontal disease. In other words, periodontal disease is the advanced stage of gum disease. The level of bacteria develops to such an extent that the infection might even affect the bones and the tissue.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Initially, periodontal disease can be detected by the swelling of the gums, but here are other symptoms to consider:
- Bleeding while brushing or flossing the teeth
- The gums will become red, swollen, and tender
- Bad breath
- Pain in the gums
- Movement of gums away from the tooth (known as pocketing)
- Pus formation between the gums and the teeth
Consequences of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is irreversible if it isn’t treated in the initial stages. However, we can reduce the infection and gradually improve the condition of the gums and the tooth over a period of time.
- The tissues between the gum and the teeth will be severely damaged by the bacteria
- Once the tissue is damaged, the gum will not be in contact with the tooth
- This will cause the gums to move away from the tooth
- The bacteria will again build up in the gap between the gum and the tooth
- This will lead to pus formation, septic and other infections
- In due course, the infection will reach the root of the teeth and develop into the jawbone
- Once the infection reaches the root, the teeth will eventually fall off
The only treatment for this is to clean the infected area and improve the dental hygiene. The damage is irreversible and the only solution is to go for artificial teeth.
In case of periodontal disease, prevention is always better than cure. Parramatta Green Dental advises you to visit your dentist if you experience any pain or swelling in the gums. Slight bleeding in the gums is also the first stage of periodontal disease.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to give us a call immediately.